OSAC Lexicon – online dictionary for forensics

A new registry of terms used in forensics and definitions – here – e.g. here are ten different definitions of “identification” :
Identification  In computer forensics, a process involving the search for, recognition and documentation of potential digital evidenceDigital Evidence, Facial Identification, Video/Imaging Technology & Analysis (Digital / Multimedia) 02/23/18

Identification  In facial identification, a task in which a biometric system searches a database for a reference matching a submitted biometric sample and, if found, returns a corresponding identity. (Compare individualization)Digital Evidence, Facial Identification, Video/Imaging Technology & Analysis (Digital / Multimedia) 02/23/18

Identification  An examination conclusion that results from the observance of agreement of all discernible class characteristics and sufficient agreement of a combination of individual characteristics where the extent of agreement exceeds that which can occur in the comparison of toolmarks made by different tools, and is consistent with the agreement demonstrated by toolmarks known to have been produced by the same tool. Such identifications are made to the practical, not absolute, exclusion of all other tools. See Range of Conclusions Possible When Comparing ToolmarksFirearms & Toolmarks (Physics and Pattern Interpretation) 02/23/18

Identification  An opinion by an examiner that the particular known footwear or tire was the source of, and made, the impression. This is the highest degree of association expressed in footwear and tire impression examinationsFootwear & Tire (Physics and Pattern Interpretation) 02/23/18

IdentificationA task where the biometric system searches a database for a biometric reference matching a submitted biometric sample and, if found, returns a corresponding identity and biometric references which can result in a biometric verification/authentication i.e. access control systemFacial Identification (Digital / Multimedia) 02/23/18

Identification1. See individualization. 2. In some forensic disciplines, this term denotes the similarity of class characteristicsFriction Ridge (Physics and Pattern Interpretation) 02/23/18

Identification  A classification process intending to discriminate individual members of a setDigital Evidence, Facial Identification, Video/Imaging Technology & Analysis (Digital / Multimedia) 02/23/18

Identification  The conclusion that the sources of two samples cannot be distinguished from each otherDigital Evidence, Facial Identification, Video/Imaging Technology & Analysis (Digital / Multimedia) 02/23/18

Identification  The practice of using comparative examination to deduce the taxonomic origin of an organism, its parts, or derivatives (e.g. taxonomic identification)Wildlife Forensics (Biology / DNA) 02/23/18

Identification  See Individualization

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